(Medial Epicondylitis)

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Definition Golfer's Elbow, medically known as medial epicondylitis, is an inflammation of the tendons and muscles of the inside part of the forearm.
Details The muscles of the forearm that control the wrist and hand begin just above the elbow joint. These muscles can become inflamed and may even partially tear if subjected to excess or repetitive stress. Pain from this inflammation may arise and progress suddenly or gradually.
Causes Golfer's Elbow is usually arises from using the tendons and muscles too much.. Occasionally, however, it may begin after a sudden, traumatic movement of the elbow or wrist. Golf and inproper lifting techniques are commonly associated with this disorder.
Diagnosis Golfer's Elbow is characterized by pain and tenderness on the inside part of the elbow. Direct pressure over the beginning portion of the muscles that control the wrist and hand reproduces the pain. Ruling out nerve injuries or other disorders around the elbow is also an important part of the examination process.

Elbow X-rays are done to evaluate the bones surrounding the muscles.

Rarely, an MRI may be ordered to rule out a large tendon tear.
Treatment Nonoperative: Most cases of Golfer's Elbow will respond to rest, anti-inflammatory medication and activity restriction. A compressive forearm band that reduces the tension at the elbow is also frequently used. Physical therapy designed to stretch and strengthen the forearm muscles after controlling the inflammatory phase may be added. A steroid injection may be tried if the treatment plan outlined above does not alleviate the symptoms.

Operative: Occasionally, surgical intervention is needed if nonoperative measures fail. A variety of procedures have been designed to excise the inflammation and scar tissue. Repair or reattachment of the remaining tendon to its origin on bone at the elbow may also be required.

Make sure your equipment and technique are proper when playing golf

Avoid overusing the forearm and wrist muscles

Maintain strong and flexible forearm and wrist muscles